Archive for the ‘English Lesson’ Category

Mini Test For Grammar…

pada minggu ini kita akan membahas beberapa soal mini test untuk mata kuliah bahasa inggris bisnis 1.  beberapa soalnya ialah sebagai berikut :

note : kata atau kalimat yang bergaris bawah belum benar penulisannya sehingga kita harus membenarkan kata atau kalimat yang salah penulisannya menjadi kata atau kalimat yang sesuai.

  • Buying clothes are often a very time-consuming practice because those clothes that a person like are rarely the ones that fit him or her.

Answer : are diganti menjadi is.

  • These televisions are all too expensive for we to buy at this time, but perhaps we will return later.

Answer : we to buy diganti menjadi us.

  • After she had bought himself a new automobile, she sold her bicycle.

Answer : himself diganti menjadi herself.

  • After George had returned to his house, he was reading a book.

Answer : was reading diganti menjadi read.

  • The food that Mark is cooking in the kitchen is smelling delicious.

answer : is smelling diganti menjadi smells.

  • After John eaten dinner, he wrote several letters and went to bed.

Answer : eaten diganti menjadi had eaten.

  • The manager has finished working on the report last night, and now she will begin to write the other proposal.

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Pronouns..

Pada bahasan mata kuliah bahasa inggris bisnis 1 minggu ini kita akan belajar mengenai pronouns, macam-macam pronouns dan penerapannya pada setiap pronouns. Serta beberapa contoh soal mengenai pronouns yang diambil dari buku modul bahasa inggris bisnis 1. Bahasannya ialah :

Pronouns

Pronouns (Kata Ganti) adalah kata yang menggantikan kata benda (nouns).

Pembagian Pronouns :

  1. Personal Pronouns
  2. Demonstrative Pronouns
  3. Possessive Pronouns
  4. Interrogative Pronouns
  5. Relative Pronouns
  6. Indefinite Pronouns
  7. Reflexive Pronouns
  8. Intensive Pronouns
  9. Reciprocal Pronouns

1. Personal Pronouns

Yaitu kata ganti orang, baik orang pertama, orang kedua maupun orang ketiga. Personal Pronouns berfungsi sebagai:

a. Nominative Subjective, yaitu menjadi subjek kalimat. I, we, you, they, he, she, it.

  • I study English
  • You are my new secretary.

b. Objective, yaitu menjadi objek kalimat. Me, us, you, them, him, her, it.

  • She brings me a cup of coffee.
  • I make you a kite.

2. Demonstrative Pronouns (Kata Ganti Penunjuk)

  • This, that, those, these.
  • This is your book.
  • Those are my pencils.

Catatan:

Keempat kata di atas juga dapat dijumpai dalam Demonstrative Adjectives. Perbedaan penggunaannya hanya pada penggunaan kata benda (nouns) setelah keempat kata di atas untuk Demonstrative Adjectives.

  • This book is yours (this = adjectives)
  • This is your book. (this = pronouns)
  • These are your pencils. (these = pronouns)

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The Verb Phrase…

Simple Present – Present Progressive

Form

Simple Present Present Progressive
infinitive
(3rd person singular: infinitive + ‘s’) 

I speak
you speak
he / she / it speaks
we speak
they speak

form of ‘be’ and verb + ing 

I am speaking
you are speaking
he / she / it is speaking
we are speaking
they are speaking

Exceptions
Exceptions when adding ‘s’ : 

  • For can, may, might, must, do not add s.

Example: he can, she may, it must

  • After o, ch, sh or s, add es.

Example: do – he does, wash – she washes

  • After a consonant, the final consonant y becomes ie. (but: not after a vowel)

Example: worry – he worries
but: play – he plays

Exceptions when adding ‘ing’ : 

  • Silent e is dropped. (but: does not apply for -ee)

Example: come – coming
but: agree – agreeing

  • After a short, stressed vowel, the final consonant is doubled.

Example: sit – sitting

  • After a vowel, the final consonant l is doubled in British English (but not in American English).

Example: travel – travelling (British English)
but: travelling (American English)

  • Final ie becomes y.

Example: lie – lying

Use

In general or right now?

Do you want to express that something happens in general or that something is happening right now?

Simple Present Present Progressive
in general (regularly, often, never) 

Colin plays football every Tuesday.

present actions happening one after another

First Colin plays football, then he watches TV.

right now 

Look! Colin is playing football now.

also for several actions happening at the same time

Colin is playing football and Anne is watching.

Signal words
  • always
  • every …
  • often
  • normally
  • usually
  • sometimes
  • seldom
  • never
  • first
  • then
  • at the moment
  • at this moment
  • today
  • now
  • right now
  • Listen!
  • Look!
Note: The following verbs are usually only used in Simple Present:
be, have, hear, know, like, love, see, smell, think, want

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Other, The Other & Another..

Other

the use of the word other is often a cause of confusion for foreign students.

Other is an adjective meaning ‘different’ and is used as follows :

– This car park is closed but the other car park is open.
– Some children learn quickly but other children need more time.

Study the following formulas.

With Count Nouns                                         With Non-Count Nouns

An + other + singular noun (one more) 

Another pencil – one more pencil

The other + singular noun (last of the set)

The other pencil – the last pencil present

Other + plural noun (more of the set)

Other pencils – some more pencils

The other + plural noun (the rest of the set)

The other pencils – all remaining pencils.

None

 

None

 

Other + non-count nouns (more of the set)

Other water – some more water

The other + non-count noun (all the rest)

The other water – the remaining water

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The Noun Phrase

The noun phrase is a group of words that ends with a noun. it can contain determiners (the, a, this, etc.), adjectives, adverbs, and nouns. it CANNOT begin with a preposition. remember that both subjects and complements are generally noun phrases.

In English grammar, a noun phrase has three components:

1. The head

is the hub, the center of attraction (as it were) of the noun phrase; it is the noun or pronoun around which the other parts gather together. The head determines concord with the portion of the sentence outside the noun phrase. Thus:

  1. The change in the Asian economies is unprecedented.
  2. The changes in Japan’s economy are most unexpected.

2. Premodification

consists of all the words place before the head. These words are usually determiners, adjectives and nouns. Thus:

  1. That sophisticated city woman (“That” (determiner), “sophisticated” (adjective), “city” (noun); woman (head))
  2. Many honest down and out small-town businessmen (“Many” (determiner), “honest” (adjective), “down and out” (adjective phrase), “small-town” (noun); businessmen (head))

3. Postmodification

comprises words in the noun phrase that follow the head. These words usually consist of prepositional phrases, nonfinite clauses, and relative clauses.Thus:

  1. The talkative man in the center of the room … (prepositional phrase)
  2. All the women walking on the bike path … (non-finite clause)
  3. The house that I purchased for my third husband … (restrictive relative clause)
  4. The house, which my partner and I bought a month after we met, … (non-restrictive relative clause)

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